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history-library.com -> Добавить материалы на сайт -> Археология -> Тишкин А.А. -> "Комплекс археологических памятников в долине р. Бийке (горный Алтай)" -> 52

Комплекс археологических памятников в долине р. Бийке (горный Алтай) - Тишкин А.А.

Тишкин А.А., Горбунов В.В. Комплекс археологических памятников в долине р. Бийке (горный Алтай) — Барнаул, 2005. — 125 c.
Скачать (прямая ссылка): komplexvdolinebiyke2005.pdf
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СПбГУ - Санкт-Петербургский г осударственный университет.
ТТКАЭЭ - Труды Тувинской комплексной археолого-этнографической экспедиции.
УДГ - уровень древнего горизонта.
У СП - уровень современной поверхности.
ЧелГУ - Челябинский государственный университет.
Summary
А.А. Tishkin, V.V. Gorbunov
COMPLEX OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES IN THE VALLEY OF THE RIVER BIIKE (MOUNTAIN ALTAY)
This monography is given up to the study of archaeological sites situated near the small river Biike (the right bank of the Katun, Mountain Altay, Russia). Most of the sites are burial mounds of nomads of Late Aniquity Epoch and the Middle Ages. Their analysis shows the basis for the salvation of a number of problems connected with study of the Altay history. It concerns the working out of the methodics of search of burial and other structures, pointing of cultures, the possibility of their ethnic identification, periodization and more separate dating. Par-sial reconstruction of different sides of life and activity of ancient and medieval people is presented in the book. There are also illustrations of numerous archaeological materials.
Long research of a separate archaeological micro-district makes it possible to get the information about cultural development of population of some definite region during a long period. Comparison of these data with other results makes it possible to show a more objective picture for big historical and cultural fields. The given circumstances are specially important for the territories where there are no written evidences or they are very little.
Study of burial sites of nomads in Biikenskii archaeological micro-district and their comparative analysis with similar objects in other parts of Altay made it possible for the authors to work out a united cultural-chronological sheme of historical development of population of the given territory in the Eearly Iron Age and the Middle Ages (the end of the IX th - XIV th centuries A.D.). The basis of it was systematization and typology of the inventory from complexes containing more massive and representative series of things. Study of the burial rite revealed ethno-cultural components that identified changes of material and spiritual traditions in different historical periods. The realized approach was effective in the research and demonstration of the integrated picture of development of the Altay cultures. The approach was repeatedly and effectively used by researchers beginning from the XIX th century and now it is still significant. It is important to mention the work of M.P. Gryaznov who was the first to create and substantiate the schematic building of the Altay cultures’ change (he used the periodization of S.A. Tcploukhov). The work was continued by A.A. Gavrilova, D.G. Savinov, L.S. Marsadolov and others.
The number of archaeological sources considerably grew up by the present time. It demanded definite compehention and arrangement of the given results about Late Ancient Epoch, Early and Developed Middle Ages. Process of archaeological study of the period of Late Middle Ages is now on the stage of data accumulation.
148
Typical inventory sets from the sites of Mountain Altay of the Early Iron Age and the Middle Ages make it possible to single out one row from 19 chronological groups that correspond to definite stages of the development of the given cultures: biikenskaya, pazyrykskaya, bulan-kobinskaya, turkskaya, kyrgyzskaya and the culture of Mongolian lime. Reasons of changes of inventory complexes and burial rite, change of cultures arc connccted with important historical processes that took part in Central Asian region. All marked chronological groups are correlated with known events that took part in Central Asia and reflected in different written sources. It is an important research moment, because such approach helps understand the reasons of changes marked in archaeological materials.
The publication is meant for specialists from the fields of archaeology, ethnography, culturology and many other people who are interested in Asian culture.
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